Which of Isaiah’s Writings Are Quoted in the Book of Mormon?

About a third of the book of Isaiah (21 out of 66 chapters) is quoted in the Book of Mormon. Here is a list of those chapters with a brief description of each:

Isaiah 2 (2 Nephi 12) – There will be a great division in the last days: Many people will ascend to God’s house in “the top of the mountains,” while the proud will be forced out of their towers and will hide in “the caves of the earth.”

Isaiah 3 (2 Nephi 13) – God will take away from Israel the worldly things they rely upon for their sense of security, including strong leaders and fine clothing.

Isaiah 4 (2 Nephi 14) – After the people have been cleansed and purified, every home will be holy, like the ancient tabernacle.

Isaiah 5 (2 Nephi 15) – The parable of the vineyard: God questions why Israel has not been more responsive to His nurturing. Isaiah pronounces six “woes” or warnings against specific sins.

Isaiah 6 (2 Nephi 16) – Isaiah tells the story of his calling as a prophet. God tells him that the people will be unwilling to hear his message.

Isaiah 7 (2 Nephi 17) – Isaiah meets King Ahaz and warns him not to be afraid of the kings of Israel and Syria. Their attempt to dethrone him will fail, and they will be taken captive by the Assyrians.

Isaiah 8 (2 Nephi 18) – Isaiah warns the people of Judah not to panic and not to seek help from unreliable sources.

Isaiah 9 (2 Nephi 19) – The Messiah will govern Israel in peace and wisdom. Although they will endure significant trials, His hand is always stretched out toward them.

Isaiah 10 (2 Nephi 20) – The king of Assyria will claim credit for his victories, not recognizing the hand of the Lord. After he conquers Syria and Israel, he will believe he is invincible. But when he attempts to attack Judah, He will suffer a catastrophic defeat.

Isaiah 11 (2 Nephi 21) – In the last days, God will gather the people of Israel again and will establish peace.

Isaiah 12 (2 Nephi 22) – Two psalms representing the joy and gratitude the children of Israel will feel when they are gathered home.

Isaiah 13 (2 Nephi 23) – Babylon will be destroyed after conquering the kingdom of Judah. God will be merciful to His people.

Isaiah 14 (2 Nephi 24) – The king of Babylon, who Isaiah calls “Lucifer, son of the morning,” will be brought low. Everyone who observes the destruction of this king will conclude that the Lord will take care of His people.

Isaiah 29 (quoted with significant revisions in 2 Nephi 27) – The voices of God’s people will “whisper out of the dust.” He will bring forth a book which will help people to see clearly and “learn doctrine.”

Isaiah 48 (1 Nephi 20) – God reminds Israel that He has revealed significant events to them before they occurred. He did this so that they would learn to trust Him. He has the power to redeem them and to deliver them from Babylon.

Isaiah 49 (1 Nephi 21) – Isaiah questions his effectiveness as a prophet, but God reassures him. He is speaking words of comfort to prisoners who will eventually be set free, even if they are unresponsive today. God will always remember His people.

Isaiah 50 (2 Nephi 7) – God reminds Israel that He has the power to deliver them as soon as they are willing to humble themselves and “obey the voice of his servant.”

Isaiah 51 (2 Nephi 8) – God reassures Israel that His power is greater than the power of their captors. He will comfort them and deliver them.

Isaiah 52 (Most of the chapter appears in fragments: 2 Nephi 8:24-25, Mosiah 12:21-24, 3 Nephi 20:36-38, 40-45, 3 Nephi 21:29) – God tells his people to rejoice in their deliverance from captivity. All will “break forth into joy” and will “sing together” when the Lord redeems them by His power.

Isaiah 53 (Mosiah 14) – The Savior will suffer for our sins. He will be slaughtered like a lamb and will gather us like sheep.

Isaiah 54 (3 Nephi 22) – The children of Israel will prosper after being delivered from captivity. They have suffered great afflictions, but God will protect them now and in the future.

I see the following themes in these chapters:

  1. God is powerful. We should not to be intimidated by people who may seem powerful, but who are nothing compared with God.
  2. God is patient with us. He sends us invitations and provides evidence of His love for us, but He often waits in vain for us to respond appropriately to those invitations.
  3. We will pass through different forms of captivity in this life. The Savior suffered so that we can be set free from all of them.
  4. God’s grace can not only rescue us from bondage but can also protect us and help us to prosper.
  5. When we obey the guidance we receive from God’s servants, we are building on a solid foundation. When we become focused on worldly things, we are on unstable ground.

Today, I will be grateful for God’s constant love for His children. I will remember that He is both willing and able to save us. I will put my trust in Him, knowing that He is far more powerful than any human being.

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